About Demographic Dividend

This website is hosted by the Bill & Melinda Gates Institute for Population and Reproductive Health at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. It exists to host resource materials available from a number of organizations engaged in research, advocacy, and policy work related to the demographic dividend. Organizations can share their collective and individual contributions to the research literature and base of policy communication materials on the demographic dividend by emailing either a link or a PDF file.

The demographic dividend is the name given by Harvard economists David Bloom and David Canning to the boost in economic growth that can result from changes in a country’s population age structure. As fertility rates decrease, a country’s working-age population grows larger relative to the young dependent population. With more people in the labor force and fewer children to support, a country has a window of opportunity for rapid economic growth if the right social and economic investments and policies are made in health, education, governance, and the economy.

Conversely, research shows that resource requirements to support a large population of children and youth can depress the pace of economic growth and prevent needed investments in human capital.

The demographic dividend offers a framework by which to define a research agenda, advocate for policies, and mobilize resources that can help countries realize their potential for accelerated economic growth.

Thanks to Population Reference Bureau (PRB) for their partnership on earlier iterations of this website.

The Bill & Melinda Gates Institute for Population and Reproductive Health (GI) has been a leader in driving forward the demographic dividend (DD) framework globally, and particularly with our African partners. Read more about our work on the demographic dividend!